Monthly Archives: February 2020

“British Art Deco Between The Wars” by Elizabeth Bodgan

 

Art Deco was an international style that dominated architecture, furniture and the decorative arts from about 1925 until the start of the Second World War in 1939. Art Deco was developing in France in the early part of the 20th century, culminating in the Great Exhibition in 1925 in Paris. It celebrated an optimistic modern world where new technology and machinery would enable artists, architects and designers to change the look of buildings, furniture and interiors, creating shapes that were “modern” but elegant and functional. It was influenced by Cubism, hard edged and geometric

After a general introduction to the world of Art Deco, Elisabeth Bogdan concentrated on British Art Deco ceramics between the Wars.

We think of the bright and sometimes gaudy colours and geometric forms of Clarice Cliff, whose name is well recognised by the British public, alongside Charlotte Rhead and Susie Cooper. However there are many other designers who produced wonderful ceramics for the large porcelain houses and our lecturer referred to their influence and contribution to British ceramics.

These included Eric Slater who as art director of Shelley porcelain designed the modern “vogue” shape in the 30’s, while Keith Murray who designed tableware for Wedgwood found that his clean and restrained style was an instant hit with the public. Equally successful for Wedgewood was the “Fairyland” lustre ware designed by Daisy Makeig-Jones which showed printed figures (often of elves and fairies) in scenes and landscapes. These were but a few of the important names of the day which Elizabeth spoke about while the accompanying slide presentation showed many fine examples of both the tableware and decorative ware by these famous designers and manufacturers of the day.

Art Deco fell out of fashion during the Second World War with the austerity of wartime but re-emerged in the late sixties and is still popular today for its vibrant colours and geometric designs.

 

“Doll’s Houses and Ceramics” by Patrica Ferguson

On 12 December 2019 we were delighted to welcome Patricia Ferguson to our meeting. Patricia is currently Project Curator, 18th century European Ceramics at the British Museum Previously she was Project Curator, 18th century Prints and Ceramics, studying ceramics and print culture which resulted in an exhibition Pots with Attitude: British Satire on Ceramics, 1760-1830

She is also the external adviser on ceramics to The National Trust and is the author of Ceramics: 400 years of British Collecting in 100 Masterpieces, PWP London, 2016 having researched their collections since 2003. Between 2006 and 2017 Patricia was a consulting curator at the V&A Museum where she worked on the Ceramics Galleries and in the Asian Department. In 2016 she wrote the handbook Garnitures: Vase Sets from National Trust Houses, V&A.

Dolls Houses were known as Baby Houses in the 17th century.  Baby Houses were made as exact replicas of aristocratic homes, larger than dolls houses as we know them today. A 1730 Hogarth painting entitled Tea Party shows the size to scale of the children’s furniture.  These baby houses had fully working interiors and it is believed that they may have helped to educate aristocratic children in the running of households and prepare them for their future responsibilities. It was interesting to hear that very few baby houses remain today probably because of the fire risks of fully working interiors! These would have included working fires and candles.

Patricia introduced us to the 18th-century dolls’ house at Uppark which is one of the most historically important in the country, and one of only a handful that have survived from the era in good condition. The rooms are filled with delicate porcelain, imported silks, fine furniture, and Flemish-style oil paintings.

We were encouraged to visit the Museum of Childhood at the V&A where there is an unusual early 18th-century room setting filled with furniture, dolls and accessories of mixed date and quality.

More than half of the over 400 objects that furnished the ‘room setting’ date from 1680-1760.  Except for the silver, these early items are scaled to the height of the ‘resident’ dolls, and indeed to the baby house itself, suggesting that they were purchased or commissioned around the same time and since remained together. They are extremely finely crafted, closely imitating details found on real objects. A silver tankard from the 1690s has a hinged cover, a 1750s set of brass pistol-handled knives with scimitar-shaped blades and two-pronged forks is in the latest fashion, as is the copper lighthouse-shaped chocolate or coffee pot with a turned wood handle. There is an assortment of salt-glazed stoneware mugs made in Staffordshire, about 1730–50, which were probably once part of a large set of tablewares.

Whilst revealing the stories of the people who decorated them, Patricia described the splendour of 18th century Baby Houses, Dolls Houses or Dutch Cupboard Houses which were furnished with examples of salt glaze pottery, alabaster, blanque de chine, and Chinese blue and white and much more.  We very much look forward to a return visit from Patricia.